notez qu’une hydrolyse à 27%, c’est beaucoup
Impact of ultrasound on egg white proteins as a pretreatment for functional hydrolysates production
European Food Research and Technology December 2014, Volume 239, Issue 6, pp 979-993 Andrea B. Stefanović
The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of different ultrasound pretreatment on enzymatic hydrolysis of egg white proteins (EWPs) by Alcalase as well as evaluating some functional and antioxidant properties of hydrolysates obtained by various proteases treatment and ultrasound technology. The effects of chosen ultrasound pretreatment parameters including frequency of ultrasonic waves (35 and 40 kHz), temperature (25 and 55 °C), time of pretreatment (15–60 min) and pH of egg white solution (7.00–10.00) were examined.
It appeared that controlled ultrasound treatment can improved the hydrolysis process compared with untreated samples, but optimization of the power and length of sonication was important. The optimal ultrasound pretreatment at calorimetric power of 21.3 W and frequency of 40 kHz for 15 min at 25 °C and with naturally basic egg white (pH 9.25) resulted in increased initial rate and equilibrium degree of Alcalase hydrolysis by about 139.8 and 13.86 % compared with the control, respectively. EWP hydrolysates with ≈27.0 % degree of hydrolysis obtained with heat pretreatment and ultrasound pretreatments under optimal conditions were further separated by sequential ultrafiltration into 4 hydrolysate fractions (<1, 1–10, 10–30 and >
30 kDa) which were investigated for protein content, peptide yield and antioxidant activity. The hydrolysis after heat pretreatment generated more peptides <1 kDa (19.04 ± 1.02 %) than ultrasound pretreatment did (11.90 ± 0.53 %), whereas the proportion of peptides <10 kDa were higher in the second case (28.80 ± 0.07 vs. 20.46 ± 0.39 %). The fraction obtained by the ultrasound pretreatment containing peptides with a molecular weight between 1 and 10 kDa demonstrated the strongest ABTS radical scavenging efficacy among the fractions (97.54 ± 0.30) with IC50 value of 4.31 mg/mL. Compared with single-enzyme processes, the two-stage enzymatic processes did not significantly improve both antioxidant and functional hydrolysates’ properties.
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