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Efficacité d’une supplémentation en glutathion?

14/02/2015 | Etudes Compléments alimentaires et Etudes Perte de poids et Etudes Anti-âge

 

J’avais essayé les 1er suppléments qui étaient sortis il y a plus de 15 ans, ça ne m’avait rien fait du tout

Randomized controlled trial of oral glutathione supplementation on body stores of glutathione
European Journal of Nutrition March 2015, Volume 54, Issue 2, pp 251-263     John P. Richie Jr

Glutathione (GSH), the most abundant endogenous antioxidant, is a critical regulator of oxidative stress and immune function. While oral GSH has been shown to be bioavailable in laboratory animal models, its efficacy in humans has not been established. Our objective was to determine the long-term effectiveness of oral GSH supplementation on body stores of GSH in healthy adults.

Methods

A 6-month randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial of oral GSH (250 or 1,000 mg/day) on GSH levels in blood, erythrocytes, plasma, lymphocytes and exfoliated buccal mucosal cells was conducted in 54 non-smoking adults. Secondary outcomes on a subset of subjects included a battery of immune markers.

Results

GSH levels in blood increased after 1, 3 and 6 months versus baseline at both doses. At 6 months, mean GSH levels increased 30–35 % in erythrocytes, plasma and lymphocytes and 260 % in buccal cells in the high-dose group (P < 0.05). GSH levels increased 17 and 29 % in blood and erythrocytes, respectively, in the low-dose group (P < 0.05). In most cases, the increases were dose and time dependent, and levels returned to baseline after a 1-month washout period. A reduction in oxidative stress in both GSH dose groups was indicated by decreases in the oxidized to reduced glutathione ratio in whole blood after 6 months. Natural killer cytotoxicity increased >twofold in the high-dose group versus placebo (P < 0.05) at 3 months.

Conclusions

These findings show, for the first time, that daily consumption of GSH supplements was effective at increasing body compartment stores of GSH.

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