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Influence de l’acide guanidinoacétique sur les niveaux de GABA et de créatine

17/07/2015 | Etudes Compléments alimentaires et Etudes Anti-âge

 

Guanidinoacetic acid loading affects plasma γ-aminobutyric acid in healthy men
European Journal of Nutrition August 2015, Volume 54, Issue 5, pp 855-858     Sergej M. Ostojic

Guanidinoacetic acid (GAA), a precursor of creatine and an innovative dietary agent, activates γ-amino butyric acid (GABA) receptors
yet clinical effects of dietary GAA on GABA metabolism are currently unknown. The main aim of this pilot research was to investigate whether GAA loading affected peripheral GABA homeostasis in healthy humans.

Methods

Eight healthy male volunteers aged 22–25 years were randomized in a double-blind design to receive either GAA (three grams daily) or placebo by oral administration for 3 weeks. At baseline and after 3 weeks participants provided fasting blood samples for free plasma levels of GABA, GAA, creatine and glutamine.

Results

Following 3 weeks of intervention, plasma GABA level dropped significantly in participants receiving 3 g of GAA per day as compared to the placebo (P = 0.03). GAA loading significantly decreased plasma GABA by 88.8 nmol/L (95 % confidence interval; 5.4–172.1) after 3 weeks of intervention as compared to the baseline (P = 0.03). GAA intervention positively affected both plasma GAA and creatine (P

< 0.05), while no effects of intervention were reported for plasma glutamine.

Conclusion

Results indicate that supplemental

GAA affects peripheral GABA metabolism, and potentially down-regulates GABA synthesis in peripheral tissues. Possible GABAergic action of dietary GAA adds to the safety profile of this novel dietary supplement.

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