Organ Size Increases With Weight Gain in Power-Trained Athletes
IJSNEM In Press 2013 Sakiho Miyauchi
The purpose of this study was to determine whether overfeeding and high-intensity physical training increase organ mass. We examined this question using cross-sectional and longitudinal studies in which we measured collegiate male American football players. Freshman (n?=?10) and senior players in their second and third years of college (n?=?17) participated in the cross-sectional study. The same measurements of the same freshman players (n?=?10) were assessed after the one-year weight gain period in the longitudinal study. Fat-free mass (FFM), skeletal muscle, and adipose tissue mass were obtained using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Liver, kidney, brain, and heart volumes were calculated using magnetic resonance imaging or echocardiography. Compared to the freshman players, the senior players had 10.8 kg more FFM, and 0.29 kg, 0.08 kg, and 0.09 kg greater liver, heart, and kidney mass, respectively. In the longitudinal study, FFM, liver, heart, and kidney mass of the freshman players increased by 5.2 kg, 0.2 kg, 0.04 kg, and 0.04 kg, respectively, after one year of overfeeding and physical training. On the other hand, the organ-tissue mass to FFM ratio did not change except for the brain in neither the cross-sectional or longitudinal studies. Our results indicated that the organ-tissue masses increased with overfeeding and physical training in male collegiate American football players.
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- Pour tous ceux qui pensent que le sucre a les mêmes effets chez le sportif que chez le sédentaire