Increased mortality rate and suicide in Swedish former elite male athletes in power sports
A-S. Lindqvist Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports 2013 Early View
Physical training has been shown to reduce mortality in normal subjects, and athletes have a healthier lifestyle after their active career as compared with normal subjects. Since the 1950s, the use of anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS) has been frequent, especially in power sports. The aim of the present study was to investigate mortality, including causes of death, in former Swedish male elite athletes, active 1960–1979, in g wrestling, powerlifting, Olympic lifting, and the throwinevents in track and field when the suspicion of former AAS use was high. Results indicate that, during the age period of 20–50 years, there was an excess mortality of around 45%. However, when analyzing the total study period, the mortality was not increased.
Mortality from suicide was increased 2–4 times among the former athletes during the period of 30–50 years of age compared with the general population of men.
Mortality rate from malignancy was lower among the athletes.
As the use of AAS was marked between 1960 and 1979 and was not doping-listed until 1975, it seems probable that the effect of AAS use might play a part in the observed increased mortality and suicide rate.
The otherwise healthy lifestyle among the athletes might explain the low malignancy rates.
Voir aussi :
- Trop de leucine: néfaste pour le cœur des sportifs?
- Quelle couleur donne t'elle le plus de force?
- Quel pourcentage de charge optimise la musculation des sportifs?
- Lien entre vitesse de la propagation de la force et l'architecture du muscle
- L'endurance n'active pas la même cascade catabolique que la force