Are free testosterone and cortisol concentrations associated with training motivation in elite male athletes?
Psychology of Sport and Exercise Volume 14, Issue 6, November 2013, Pages 882–885 Christian J. Cook
To examine correlative associations between salivary free testosterone (T) and cortisol (C) concentrations and training motivation in elite male athletes.
Single group, longitudinal design with repeated measures.
Participants (n = 15) completed a 5-week progressive resistance training programme. Across 2 weekly workouts, pre and post measures of salivary free T and C concentrations were taken along with voluntary chosen workload, as a proxy for training motivation. Strength and body mass were assessed pre and post training.
Individual changes in pre-workout free T concentrations correlated strongly to voluntary workloads (pooled r = 0.81, p
< 0.001). Pre-workout free C concentrations was weakly correlated to voluntary workload (pooled r = 0.35). Pre-workout hormones (r = 0.57–0.89) and the strength gains were also related.
salivary free T concentrations of male athletes presented before training were strongly associated with subsequent voluntary workloads, indicating a potential link to training motivation.
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