Etudes Compléments alimentaires : page 86.4

Synergie oméga-3 et glucosamine

20/01/2010 | Etudes Compléments alimentaires et Etudes Anti-âge

 

Contre les douleurs articulaires.

Dosage quotidien : 3 capsules de 500 mg de glucosamine sulfate avec 200 mg d’oméga-3 (EPA + DHA).

Effect of Glucosamine Sulfate with or without Omega-3 Fatty Acids in Patients with Osteoarthritis

10 g d’acides aminés réduisent la production de myostatine

17/01/2010 | Etudes Compléments alimentaires

 
Essential Amino Acids Increase MicroRNA-499, -208b, and -23a and Downregulate Myostatin and Myocyte Enhancer Factor 2C mRNA Expression in Human Skeletal Muscle Micah J. Drummond, Erin L. Glynn, Christopher S. Fry, Shaheen Dhanani, Elena Volpi and Blake B. Rasmussen Journal of Nutrition,Vol. 139, No. 12, 2279-2284, December 2009 Essential amino acids (EAA) stimulate muscle protein synthesis in humans. However, little is known about whether microRNAs (miRNA) and genes associated with muscle growth are expressed differently following EAA ingestion. Our purpose in this experiment was to determine whether miRNA and growth-related mRNA expressed in skeletal muscle are up- or downregulated in humans following the ingestion of EAA. We hypothesized that EAA would alter miRNA expression in skeletal muscle as well as select growth-related genes. Muscle biopsies were obtained from the vastus lateralis of 7 young adult participants (3 male, 4 female) before and 3 h after ingesting 10 g of EAA. Muscle samples were analyzed for muscle miRNA (miR-499, -208b, -23a, -1, -133a, and -206) and muscle-growth related genes [MyoD1, myogenin, myostatin, myocyte enhancer factor C (MEF2C), follistatin-like-1 (FSTL1), histone deacytylase 4, and serum response factor mRNA] before and after EAA ingestion using real-time PCR. Following EAA ingestion, miR-499, -208b, -23a, -1, and pri-miR-206 expression increased (P < 0.05). The muscle-growth genes MyoD1 and FSTL1 mRNA expression increased (P < 0.05), and myostatin and MEF2C mRNA were downregulated following EAA ingestion (P < 0.05). We conclude that miRNA and growth-related genes expressed in skeletal muscle are rapidly altered within hours following EAA ingestion. Further work is needed to determine whether these miRNA are post-transcriptional regulators of growth-related genes following an anabolic stimulus.

Injection de plaquettes contre les tendinites ?

16/01/2010 | Etudes Musculation et Etudes Compléments alimentaires

 

Une nouvelle étude révèle que les injections de plaquettes ne seraient pas efficaces contre les tendinites :

Platelet-Rich Plasma Injection for Chronic Achilles Tendinopathy
A Randomized Controlled Trial
Robert J. de Vos, MD; Adam Weir, MBBS; Hans T. M. van Schie, DVM, PhD; Sita M. A. Bierma-Zeinstra, PhD; Jan A. N. Verhaar, MD, PhD; Harrie Weinans, PhD; Johannes L. Tol, MD, PhD
JAMA. 2010;303(2):144-149.

Context Tendon disorders comprise 30% to 50% of all activity-related injuries; chronic degenerative tendon disorders (tendinopathy) occur frequently and are difficult to treat. Tendon regeneration might be improved by injecting platelet-rich plasma (PRP), an increasingly used treatment for releasing growth factors into the degenerative tendon.

Objective To examine whether a PRP injection would improve outcome in chronic midportion Achilles tendinopathy.

Design, Setting, and Patients A stratified, block-randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial at a single center (The Hague Medical Center, Leidschendam, the Netherlands) of 54 randomized patients aged 18 to 70 years with chronic tendinopathy 2 to 7 cm above the Achilles tendon insertion. The trial was conducted between August 28, 2008, and January 29, 2009, with follow-up until July 16, 2009.

Intervention Eccentric exercises (usual care) with either a PRP injection (PRP group) or saline injection (placebo group). Randomization was stratified by activity level.

Main Outcome Measures The validated Victorian Institute of Sports Assessment-Achilles (VISA-A) questionnaire, which evaluated pain score and activity level, was completed at baseline and 6, 12, and 24 weeks. The VISA-A score ranged from 0 to 100, with higher scores corresponding with less pain and increased activity. Treatment group effects were evaluated using general linear models on the basis of intention-to-treat.

Results After randomization into the PRP group (n = 27) or placebo group (n = 27), there was complete follow-up of all patients. The mean VISA-A score improved significantly after 24 weeks in the PRP group by 21.7 points (95% confidence interval [CI], 13.0-30.5) and in the placebo group by 20.5 points (95% CI, 11.6-29.4). The increase was not significantly different between both groups (adjusted between-group difference from baseline to 24 weeks, –0.9; 95% CI, –12.4 to 10.6). This CI did not include the predefined relevant difference of 12 points in favor of PRP treatment.

Conclusion Among patients with chronic Achilles tendinopathy who were treated with eccentric exercises, a PRP injection compared with a saline injection did not result in greater improvement in pain and activity.

En savoir + :  HealthNews

Glucosamine, chondroïtine et cartilages

09/01/2010 | Etudes Compléments alimentaires

 

La glucosamine et la chondroïtine protègent réellement les cartilages sur le long terme. Il faut 3 ans pour que les effets de la glucosamine soient mesurables et 2 ans pour la chondroïtine.

Voir la méta-analyse

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